The dialysis process washes out vitamins patients get from food, especially water soluble vitamins. The dialysis patient will suffer vitamin deficiency without dietary supplement, preferably taken after dialysis so it can stay in the body between dialysis days. I list below the vitamins that I take and the health benefits they provide.
Vitamins B6 is vital in the formation of hemoglobin, our red blood cells. Vitamins B6 helps the production of antibodies that fight infection and maintain normal blood glucose levels.
Vitamin B12 is needed for the proper functioning of the nervous system and the processing of fats and carbohydrates. Deficiency in Vitamin B12 can lead to anemia, dementia, weakness, nerve damage and loss of appetite.
Iron is needed to form red blood cells and work with the hormone Erythropoeitin (EPO) prevent anemia. Typically, it is added into the dialysis treatment. If not then it should be taken some other way.
Biotin is found in foods such as eggs, milk, or bananas. Milk and banana are among the potassium rich food that are not good for Dialysis patients. I take Biotin to avoid hair loss, brittle nails, nerve damage, and many other conditions.
Fruits rich in Vitamin C are orange, mango, cantaloupe, papaya, banana, all of which are also rich in potassium. Dialysis patients can't have too much potassium. The benefits of vitamin C are protection against immune system deficiencies, cardiovascular disease, gum disease, eye disease, and wound healing.
Fish Oil benefits come from the Omega-3 fatty acids that it contains. Omega-3 fatty acids are essential in preventing and managing heart disease, lower blood pressure. It also helps to reduce pain and swelling which are common to Dialysis patients.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant. This means it protects body tissues from damage which can harm cells, tissues, and organs. They are believed to play a role in certain conditions related to aging. Vitamin E keeps the immune system strong against diseases, helps in formation of red blood cells, widen blood vessels and keep blood from clotting inside them. Vitamin E “can reduce the cramping, anxiety and cravings” all of which are common to dialysis patients.
Calcium is necessary for building bones and keeping them healthy. 99 percent of the calcium we take goes to our bones and teeth, where it supports their structure and hardness thereby it prevents Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis means bone fragility and risk of fracture of the ankle, hip, spine, and wrist. The heart, muscles and nerves also need calcium to function properly.