“Matriarchy is a social system in which females hold primary power, predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property,”
The first matriarch, was the first woman, the first wife, Eve. In the Book of Genesis 2:18, “Jehovah God said: ‘It is not good for the man to continue to be alone. I am going to make a helper for him, as a complement of him.’” Then in verse 22, it reads “And Jehovah God built the rib that he had taken from the man into a woman.”
Let us backtrack a little. In verse 16-17, before Eve came into being, it says, “Jehovah God also gave this command to the man: “From every tree of the garden you may eat to satisfaction. But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and bad, you must not eat from it, for in the day you eat from it you will certainly die.”
Eve was updated about that command when she arrived at the scene. We know that because she said to the serpent in Genesis 3:3, “God has said about the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden: ‘You must not eat from it, no, you must not touch it; otherwise you will die.’”
A mere three verses later, Eve makes the first matriarchal decision: “she began taking of its fruit and eating it. Afterward, she also gave some to her husband when he was with her, and he began eating it.” (Genesis 3:6) Adam followed her wishes instead of the powerful God who created and loved him.
There was another tree in the garden, the tree of life, which they were not forbidden to eat from, until they disobeyed the commandment, “in order that he may not put his hand out and take fruit also from the tree of life and eat and live forever, with that Jehovah God expelled him from the garden of Eʹden” (Genesis 3:22-23) The tree of life could have given them unending life in paradise.
Her decision gave her descendants, the whole of mankind, a death sentence. Soon enough, Eve’s second child, Abel was murdered by her first, Cain.
From Eve, imperfection was inherited. Matriarchs have risen from the most unexpected places. In Asia, where women are petite and demure, came the Filipina.
The Filipina holds the purse string in the family whether a working wife or not. Many of them work overseas to support Filipino househusbands. Many fought the Revolution against Spain and WWII as guerillas. They are shrewd business managers, assertive in any situation and adapts to the most difficult condition without losing charm and poise. Thus, they make perfect matriarchs.